FIBA Rules 2018 – Official Interpretations – 31st January 2019 – FIBA Americas National Referee Training Camp – El Salvador – 5 to 7 April 2019

2018 FIBA Official Interpretations – January 2019 – 2nd Edition – Y Final

12-15 Example: The ball is in the air during A1 shot for a field goal when the shot clock signal sounds, followed by the ball lodging between the ring and the backboard. Team A is entitled to a throw-in under the alternating possession procedure.
Interpretation: After the throw-in from the endline, team A shall have 14 seconds on the shot clock.

14-3 Example: Team A has been in control of the ball for 15 seconds. A1 passes the ball to A2 and the ball moves over the boundary line. B1 tries to catch the ball and jumps from the playing court over the boundary line. B1 is still airborne when he:

(a) Taps the ball with 1 hand or both hands,
(b) Catches the ball with both hands or the ball comes to rest in 1 hand

and the ball returns to the playing court where it is caught by A2.

Interpretation:
(a) Team A remains in control of the ball. The shot clock shall continue.
(b) Team B has gained team control. The team A shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock.

17-10 Statement. If a time-out is granted to a team that has been awarded possession of the ball from its backcourt when the game clock shows 2:00 minutes or less in the fourth quarter and in each overtime the head coach, after the time-out has the right to decide whether the throw-in shall be administered from the throw-in line in the team’s frontcourt or from the team’s backcourt.

After the head coach has made his decision, it is final and irreversible. Further requests of both teams to change the throw-in place, after the additional time-outs at the same game clock stopped period, shall not lead to a change of the original decision.

After a time-out following an unsportsmanlike or disqualifying foul or fight, the game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the throw-in line at the team’s frontcourt.

17-26 Example: A1 is charged with an unsportsmanlike foul on B1 during the interval of play between the first and second quarter.
Interpretation: B1 shall attempt 2 free throws with no line-up, before the begin of the second quarter. The game shall be resumed with a throw-in from the throw-in line in team B frontcourt. Team B shall have 14 seconds on the shot clock. The direction of the arrow remains unchanged.

18/19-16 Example: B1 fouls A1 on his attempt for a 2-point field goal. After A1 has attempted his first of 2 free throws, A2 is charged with a technical foul. Any team B player has attempted 1 free throw with no line up. Either team now requests a time-out or substitution.
Interpretation: A1 shall attempt his second free throw and the game shall be resumed as after any last free throw. The time-out or substitution shall be granted for both teams at the next time-out or substitution opportunity.

24-6 Example: A1 begins his dribble by:
(a) Throwing the ball over his opponent.
(b) Throwing the ball a few meters away from him.
The ball touches the playing court after which A1 continues his dribble.
Interpretation: This is legal play in both cases. The ball has touched the playing court before A1 has touched the ball again on his dribble.

24-7 Example: A1 ends his dribble and deliberately throws the ball on B1 leg. A1 catches the ball and begins to dribble again.
Interpretation: A1 double dribble violation. A1 dribble has ended as the ball was not touched by B1. It was the ball which has touched B1.

29/50-28 Example: With 17 seconds on the shot clock, A1 shot for a field goal is in the air when B2 is charged with a foul on A2. This is team B second foul in the quarter. The ball:
(a) Enters the basket.
(b) Rebounds from the ring but does not enter the basket.
(c) Misses the ring.
Interpretation:
(a) A1 goal counts.
In all cases, the game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the place nearest to where the foul occurred, with 14 seconds on the shot clock.

29/50-47 Statement. During the game, whenever a team gains a new possession of a live ball either in its frontcourt or in its backcourt, that team shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock.

29/50-48 Example: While the game clock is running, A1 gains new possession of the ball on the playing court in the:
(a) Backcourt.
(b) Frontcourt.
Interpretation: In both cases, team A shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock.

29/50-49 Example: After a team B throw-in, A1 gains directly and immediately a new possession of the ball on the playing court in its:
(a) Backcourt.
(b) Frontcourt.
Interpretation: In both cases, team A shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock.

29/50-50 Statement. The game is stopped by an official for a foul or violation (including for the ball having gone out-of-bounds) committed by the team in control of the ball. If the ball is awarded to the opponents with a throw-in from its frontcourt, that team shall have 14 seconds on the shot clock.

29/50-51 Example: A1 in his backcourt passes the ball to A2 who is also in his backcourt. A2 did not catch the ball which goes out-of-bounds in their backcourt.
Interpretation: Team B shall be awarded a throw-in from the place nearest to where the ball went out-of-bounds in its frontcourt, with 14 seconds on the shot clock.

30-10 Example: A1 is standing with both feet in his backcourt near the centre line, when A1 attempts a bounce pass to A2 who is also standing with both feet in his backcourt near the centre line. During the pass, the ball touches the frontcourt before touching A2.
Interpretation: This is not a backcourt violation as no team A player with the ball was in his frontcourt. However, as the ball was already in his frontcourt, the 8-second period is stopped when the ball has touched the frontcourt. A new 8-second period shall begin as soon as A2 touches the ball in his backcourt.

31-20 Statement. It is an interference violation if a defensive player touches the ball while the ball is within the basket.

 

 

 

 

 

 

31-21 Example: A1 attempts a shot for a field goal. The ball turns around the ring with its slightest part within or below the level of the ring when B1 touches the ball.
Interpretation: This is an interference violation. The ball is within the basket when the slightest part of the ball is within and below the level of the ring.

33-5 Example: A1 drives to the basket in his act of shooting. Instead of completing the shot for a field goal, A1 passes the ball to A2 who is directly following him. A1 then charges into B1 who is in contact with the no-charge semi-circle area. At approximately the same time, A2 with the ball in his hands is on a direct drive to the basket in an attempt to score.
Interpretation: This is A1 charging foul. The no-charge semi-circle rule shall not be applied. A1 illegally uses his body for A2 to clear his way to the basket.

35-4 Example: Team A has 2 team fouls and team B has 5 team fouls in the quarter. Dribbler A1 and B1 now are charged with a foul on each other at approximately the same time.
Interpretation: The penalties on both teams are not equal, therefore it is not a double foul. A1 foul shall be penalised with a team B throw-in. B1 foul shall be penalised with 2 free throws for A1. The officials shall apply the special situations rule and decide which foul has occurred first.

In case B1 foul has occurred first, A1 shall attempt 2 free throws with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from the place nearest to where the fouls have occurred.

In case A1 foul has occurred first, team B throw-in shall be cancelled. A1 shall attempt 2 free throws and the game shall be resumed as after any last free throw.

36-37 Example: With 21 seconds on the shot clock, A1 dribbles in his backcourt when B1 is charged with a technical foul.
Interpretation: Any team A player shall attempt 1 free throw with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the place nearest to where the ball was located when the technical foul occurred. Team A shall have a new 8-second period and 24 seconds on the shot clock.

36-38 Example: With 21 seconds on the shot clock, A1 dribbles in his backcourt when A2 is charged with a technical foul.
Interpretation: Any team B player shall attempt 1 free throw with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team A throw-in from the place nearest to where the ball was located when the technical foul occurred. Team A shall have 5 seconds to move the ball to the frontcourt. Team A 21 seconds on the shot clock.

37-12 Statement. After a player has been charged with his fifth personal foul, he has become an excluded player. Any further technical, unsportsmanlike or disqualifying foul shall be penalised accordingly.

37-13 Example: A1 is charged with his fifth foul. While going to his team bench, A1 is charged with an unsportsmanlike foul for pushing B1.
Interpretation: A1 has become an excluded player. A1 unsportsmanlike foul shall be charged as a technical foul on head coach A, entered as ‘B1’. Any team B player shall attempt 1 free throw with no line-up. The game shall be resumed with a team B throw-in from the place
nearest to where the ball was located when the unsportsmanlike foul occurred.

39-7 Example: Head coach A leaves the team bench area and gets actively involved in a fight on the playing court.
Interpretation: Head coach A shall be charged with a disqualifying foul for leaving the team bench area, entered on the scoresheet as ‘D2’. In addition, head coach A shall be charged with another disqualifying foul for strongly pushing B3 during the fight, entered on the scoresheet as ‘D2’. The remaining foul space of the head coach A shall be entered on the scoresheet as ‘F’. Any team B player shall attempt 2 free throws with no line-up. B3 then shall attempt 2 free throws with no line-up. The game shall be resumed a team B throw-in from the throw-in line in its frontcourt. Team B shall have 14 seconds on the shot clock.

42-5 Example: B1 is charged with a foul on A1 on his successful field goal. A1 is then charged with a technical foul.
Interpretation: A1 goal shall count. The penalties for both fouls are equal and shall cancel each other. The game shall be resumed as after any field goal.

44-7 Example: B1 fouls A1 when the game clock signal sounds for the end of the third quarter. Thisis team B sixth foul in the quarter. A1 is awarded 2 free throws. Instead of A1, it is A2 who attempts the 2 free throws. The error is recognised after the ball has left A2 hands for his first free throw.
Interpretation: The 2 free throws shall be cancelled. The fourth quarter shall begin with a team B throw-in from the free-throw line extended in its backcourt. Team B shall have 24 seconds on the shot clock. The direction of the arrow remains unchanged.